Flatfoots Throughout History


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Flatfoots Throughout History

How have humans preserved order over time?

Ancient China (1000 b.c. to 420 a.d.): “Prefects” kept order during the Chu and Jin Kingdoms of the spring and autumn period. Heirarchy= Emperor, governors, local magistrate, prefects, subprefects–each with their own plot of land to patrol.

Ancient Greece: Publicly owned slaves were police. Equipped with rods they would be crowd control at events and provide security. Investigating crimes was a duty of the citizens.

Roman Empire: The Army=police/security.Families organized and managed prosecution themselves.
—Under Augustus:
Rome = 1 million inhabitants
14 wards
Each with 1,000 “vigiles”
Or firemen + nightwatchmen

Medieval Europe:
Manorial Court:
All villagers must attend or pay a fine
Held at intervals throughout year.

Groups of Ten=”A Tithing”[4]:
Responsible for reporting other members of their tithing
& Taking them to court.

King’s Court:
(For most serious crimes)
= Trial by ordeal
Based on judicium Dei: or the premise that God would help the innocent by performing a miracle on their behalf.[5]

Trial by Ordeal:
Ordeal by fire = the accused carries a red hot iron bar several paces. If the wounds aren’t starting to heal within a few days, they are guilty.
Ordeal by water = accused tied hand and foot and thrown into water. If they float, they’re guilty.
Ordeal by conflict = the winner of a dual was considered in the right.
…Until 1215 (Pope Innocent III outlawed trial by ordeal)

Law Enforcement in America: By the Numbers

$260: Yearly price per sworn officer per US resident
72 Officers: Most killed on one day (9/11/11)
105 Officers: Line of duty deaths 2013
297 Officers: Most killed in one year (1930)

The Gear:

1712: First paid law enforcement (Boston)
1845: First badges issued (Philadelphia)[6]
1863: First pistols issued to all officers(Boston)
1891: First female officer
1914: First cars issued to all officers (Berkeley)
1934: Two way radio first used (Boston)
1955: First computer like calculator used in precinct (New Orleans)[7]
1974: Body armor begins to be used.

History of Law Enforcement in America

1635: Boston’s “night watch” first law enforcement in Colonies
1789: George Washington makes first federal law enforcement with 13 Marshals
1835: Texas Rangers become first statewide law enforcement agency.
1865: Secret Service formed after President Lincoln assassinated
2002: Department of Homeland Security Formed
–The present day:

Policemen are everywhere.



  1. http://www.nleomf.org/facts/enforcement/impdates.html
  2. http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=71
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police
  4. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Medieval_Life/crimeandpunishment.htm
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_by_ordeal
  6. http://www.policeguide.com/Timeline_of_American_Police/timeline_of_american_police.html
  7. http://inventors.about.com/od/fstartinventions/a/forensic_4.htm
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_number_of_police_officers